End of Empire100 days in 1945 that changed Asia and the world.

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  • Huge crowds support Indonesian merdeka

    11 September 1945. Barely a week after a Republican administration was proclaimed in the city, a massive pro-independence rally is held in Surabaya. A second mass demonstration follows on the 17th. Such popular expressions of support for merdeka (freedom) are echoed across the country.

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