Communists gather in Tonkin hills
13 August 1945. An all-country conference of the Indochinese Communist Party begins in Tan Trao, centre of a liberated zone north-west of Hanoi, the first such conference held in five years. Reflecting the dramatic news of an imminent Japanese surrender and fears of both a French return and Chinese intervention, delegates resolve that both the Soviet Union and the United States be won over to the Vietnamese cause. In addition, a five-man ‘Uprising Committee’ is established and orders go out that lead to some attacks on Japanese forces. However, by the time the conference ends on the 16th, delegates agree on a policy of caution in the uncertain strategic situation.