End of Empire100 days in 1945 that changed Asia and the world.

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  • Japanese hand over power in Surabaya and Yogyakarta

    2 October 1945. While formally surrendering to the first official Allied representative to arrive in the city, a Dutch naval captain, the senior Japanese commander in Surabaya supports the Republicans. He thus orders his forces to hand over their remaining weapons to the Indonesians. Five days later, Japanese forces in Yogyakarta surrender to local Republican authorities.

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    A *pemuda* People's Security Force unit carrying Japanese rifles, October 1945