Bao Dai formally abdicates
30 August 1945. In an emotionally charged event marking the end of a thousand years of Vietnamese monarchy, Bao Dai reads the text of his edict to a huge crowd in Hue during the formal abdication ceremony. ‘I would prefer to be a citizen of an independent country rather than Emperor of an enslaved one’, he states. Although the ex-emperor agrees to become ‘supreme advisor’ to the provisional government, he is allowed to go into exile in March 1946.