3 November 1945. Vice President Hatta issues a decree allowing the formation of political parties, a natural consequence of the move towards a parliamentary system initiated in October. The text states that a range of parties will better represent the desires of different groups in the Indonesian population. The decree comes after several groups have already called meetings to establish parties.
3 November 1945. Although still nominally head of the Soviet-backed Five-Province Administrative Bureau, Cho Mansik is increasingly at odds with the Soviet authorities. Backed by the hugely influential Christian community and propertied classes in northern Korea, the right-leaning Protestant leader founds the Democratic Party of Korea. This enjoys initial widespread popular support.