24 October 1945. The five permanent members of the Security Council (the United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France and China), along with other 24 non-permanent members, formally ratify the UN Charter. This day is henceforth commemorated as United Nations Day. However, nationalist leaders like Ho Chi Minh, hearing of the speeches delivered on self-determination for colonized peoples, look for more than words.
24 October 1945. Fo Tso-i, commander of Republican China’s 12th military region, cables Mao, accusing the Communist army of attacks on Shanxi and Sui-yuan in the past two months. He warns that further CCP encroachments might lead to civil war, for which the CCP would take full responsibility. Two days later, the CCP’s Xinhua News Agency dismisses Fo’s statement.