21 October 1945. Long suppressed by the Dutch and remaining underground during the Japanese occupation, the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) is finally re-established. Much of the revolutionary energy and status lies with the pemuda, Socialists and other leftist groups, however, and it is to these groups that many veteran communist returnees gravitate.
21 October 1945. Mountbatten affirms that the principal role of his forces is to accept the Japanese surrender, recover prisoners of war and internees, and maintain law and order. There will be no direct involvement in political issues. At the same time he rectifies Christison’s bluntness of the month before (see p. 232) by showing support for Van Mook’s conciliatory policy. Negotiations between the Dutch and Republicans will be meaningless, however, if power lies with hundreds of armed local groups rather than a central authority – hence the more vigorous British approach in recent days.