20 October 1945. After its repeated calls on King Sisavangvong to abdicate are ignored, the Lao Issara national assembly formally deposes the king. However, with Luang Prabang in Chinese hands and disarmed French personnel also in the city, the king and his son, Crown Prince Savangvatthana, remain defiant.
20 October 1945. After a month of meetings across the length and breadth of the Mongolian People’s Republic, a national referendum on independence is held monitored by Chinese officials. According to official results, all voters opt for independence. The result is accepted by the Chinese government, which recognizes the MPR’s independence in January 1946.
20 October 1945. Two days after British forces take control of Bandung and the same day they are confronted with the carnage in Semarang, a detachment of Gurkha troops is despatched to Ambarawa and Magelang in the interior of Central Java (see map p. 283). Their goal is to secure the besieged women’s and children’s camps there and bring the internees to safety. However, trouble flares almost immediately between locals and Dutch RAPWI staff attached to the force.