16 October 1945. Vice President Hatta issues Proclamation X, changing the form of government from a presidential to a parliamentary system, with a new body (Working Committee of the KNIP) in a supervisory capacity. The KNIP begins to function as a parliament under a new chairman, the Socialist Sutan Sjahrir.
16 October 1945. Two months after the Japanese surrender, Australian troops and Dutch officials at long last enter Pontianak. The largely Chinese population greets them with not a single Dutch tricolour but many Chinese flags. The Japanese massacre of the local elite in early 1944 means that NICA has few allies to help them re-establish Dutch rule.
16 October 1945. After more than three decades in exile, the veteran hero of Korean resistance to Japanese rule returns to Seoul from the United States. Despite later denials, his return seems to be at the collusion of the U.S. occupation authorities, with Rhee landing in one of General MacArthur’s own transports. Four days later, he makes his first public appearance, at a welcoming ceremony put on by the U.S. military in Seoul.