5 October 1945. Faced with rising popular discontent, General Hodge creates an 11-member Korean Advisory Council to assist the military government. This is led by the businessman and publisher, Kim Sŏngsu, accused by some of having been too close to the Japanese. With most appointees from the Korean Democratic Party, many Koreans feel the council does not represent them. The only leftist is Yŏ Unhyŏng, who quickly withdraws from the council. Another appointee, the northerner Cho Mansik, never attends.
5 October 1945. With disorder growing on Java and Sumatra, the Republican government transforms the BKR into a proto-army, the People’s Security Forces (TKR). There is little difference between the organizations or their personnel, however, and a multitude of pemuda and other outside groups continues to vie for power.