3 October 1945. The first case is filed in the People’s Court:People of the Philippines vs Teofilo Sison. Sison served as a member of the Laurel administration’s cabinet and was appointed Inspector-General of Martial Law in September 1944. He is charged with forced labour recruitment, anti-American speeches and the implementation of martial law. The trial will end with a guilty verdict in March 1946. Sison is the only high-level government official who will be found guilty; all others will be either acquitted or freed in a general amnesty.
3 October 1945. After a long voyage, the main body of SEAC forces docks at Saigon’s harbour. Included are the first contingents of the French Expeditionary Corps, about 1,000 men in total. Two days later, General Philippe Leclerc, the ‘liberator of Paris’, arrives at Tan Son Nhut airbase to command all French forces in the region. He is vested with full military and civilian powers to act on behalf of incoming French high commissioner, Admiral Thierry d’Argenlieu. Leclerc’s stance is that France can only negotiate with the Viet Minh from a position of strength.
3 October 1945. Foreshadowing similar U.S. moves in the south to exercise greater control over local people’s committees, General Terentii Shtykov, supreme commander of Soviet occupation forces in northern Korea, establishes a Soviet Civil Administration headed by one of his generals. This initiates the formation five days later of a shadow Korean administration, the Five-Province Administrative Bureau under the leadership of Cho Mansik. On the 12th, Shtykov issues an order dissolving all indigenous security organizations including the volunteer police. All weapons are to be surrendered to the Soviet authorities. The effect is to disarm any potential non-communist dissidents.