18 September 1945. Although he celebrates the surrender of the Japanese forces in Seoul, saying this ‘heralds the liberation of a freedom-loving and heroic people’, the U.S. president adds that the assumption by the Koreans themselves of the responsibilities and functions of a free nation and the elimination of all vestiges of Japanese control ‘will of necessity require time and patience’.
18 September 1945. A RAPWI (Recovery of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees) team is dropped on Magelang in Central Java. The despatch of thousands of internees from camps in the region to Surabaya follows. Similar operations are carried out in Sumatra.