16 September 1945. Addressing a lack of funds and the need to pay off the Chinese occupation forces, the Viet Minh launches a nationwide fundraising campaign, during which tables are set up in public venues to receive donations of jewellery, gold leaf and other precious items from patriotic citizens. Gold week actually lasts two weeks, with Supreme Advisor Vinh Thuy (Bao Dai) presiding over the closing ceremony. At the Hanoi inauguration ceremony, Ho Chi Minh pledges to give to the highest donor a gold medal he has received from overseas Vietnamese admirers. To the crowd he also presents Brig.-Gen. Philip Gallagher, head of the U.S. Military Advisory and Assistance Group attached to Gen. Lu Han’s command, and the next day’s papers feature Gallagher’s participation. Gallagher has just arrived in Hanoi, one of his principal responsibilities being to coordinate the loading of tens of thousands of Chinese troops on U.S. ships bound for Manchuria or Taiwan.
16 September 1945. A new rightist party is formed in response to General Hodge’s hostility to claims by the Korean People’s Republic to be Korea’s legitimate government. Founded by conservative elements, including a group of landlords and businessmen, and led by Song Chinu as party president, the new Korean Democratic Party denounces the KPR as a communist organization.