13 September 1945. Preceded by small advance parties a week earlier, Major-General Douglas Gracey lands at Saigon’s Tan Son Nhut airport and immediately orders the Administrative Committee ejected from the former governor-general’s palace. A contingent of Indian and Gurkha troops accompany Gracey, while the main body of 20th British Indian Division troops under his command follow by sea. They are tasked to oversee the Japanese surrender below the 16th Parallel, locate and evacuate Allied POWs, and maintain law and order. It is unclear whether the latter remit includes the restoration of French control, especially as Gracey’s brief is limited to a few areas outside of Saigon and Phnom Penh. Next day, Gracey talks at length with French commissioner Jean Cédile but refuses to meet V i e t n a m e s e of any political persuasion. Viet Minh plans based on a special relationship with the Allies are suddenly in doubt.
13 September 1945. Apart from promoting unification with the Mongolian People’s Republic, the Inner Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party skilfully negotiates with communists and nationalists in northeast China. Party members are allowed be members of the CCP and KMT as long as they keep their original party principles. The party convenes its second general congress and decides to set up an eastern Inner Mongolian provisional government that would replace the Hsingan provincial government and have a higher level of autonomy than the latter.