10 September 1945. Now that Singapore has been secured, British forces begin advancing up the Malay Peninsula toward Kuala Lumpur. Crowds there are already celebrating their imminent liberation. Japanese forces in the city will formally surrender on the 13th.
10 September 1945. At a people’s congress convened in Sunid and attended by representatives from the Mongolian People’s Republic, a provisional government of the ‘People’s Republic of South Mongolia’ is established. An organic law for the new republic is passed five days later and, on the 16th, MPR leader Choibalsan pays a personal visit to honour the new government.
10 September 1945. President Sukarno formally declares an end to Japanese authority in Indonesia but high Japanese officials state they will surrender to the Allies, not to the new Republic. On the ground, the situation varies from place to place. In the Javanese hinterland, the Japanese choose to withdraw from certain urban areas. Some Japanese units are also actively arming local Indonesians, whereas others are neutral or even hostile to the Republicans and continue to follow instructions to maintain order until British forces arrive.