24 August 1945. Although agreed in 1944 in relation to an Allied invasion of Sumatra, only now is the Anglo–Dutch Civil Affairs Agreement formally signed. Its key provision is that areas recaptured by Allied troops will revert to Dutch colonial rule via the Netherlands Indies Civil Administration (NICA). On 2 September, it is decided the agreement will apply to all areas of the Netherlands East Indies occupied by British forces.
24 August 1945. Addressing a press conference in Washington, D.C., the French president ignores a personal appeal sent to him days earlier from Emperor Bao Dai, which warned France to abandon its Indochinese ambitions. Rather, says De Gaulle in a call from ‘the Mother Country addressed to her children’, the French position is simple; ‘France means to recover its sovereignty over Indochina.’
24 August 1945. Speaking at a victory celebration in Ulaanbaatar, the MPR prime minister Choibalsan hails the liberation of Mongol lands from the Japanese and the freedom and independence of their people. The same day, Chiang Kai-shek announces China’s agreement to recognize the independence of Outer Mongolia if its people vote for this. Two days later, Unen Sonin publishes Choibalsan’s speech, highlighting his words on the unification of all Mongols. It will be the last time the party organ writes directly on Mongol unification.