19 August. A Japanese delegation arrives in Manila for a meeting with General Douglas MacArthur and U.S. officials to finalize surrender details. While travelling to and from the airport, the Japanese have to be protected from angry Filipinos threatening to attack them. At the same time, the Philippine Army begins demobilizing. Its units are no longer needed to invade Japan.
19 August. Following a Soviet–MPR attack on Kalgan the previous day, the Inner Mongolian independence leader Prince Demchugdongrob and his followers flee the city for Peiping. This signifies the end of his ‘Mongolian Autonomous State’.
24 August. Speaking at a victory celebration in Ulaanbaatar, the MPR prime minister Choibalsan hails the liberation of Mongol lands from the Japanese and the freedom and independence of their people. The same day, Chiang Kai-shek announces China’s agreement to recognize the independence of Outer Mongolia if its people vote for this. Two days later, Unen Sonin publishes Choibalsan’s speech, highlighting his words on the unification of all Mongols. It will be the last time the party organ writes directly on Mongol unification.
26 August. After meeting almost no resistance in Korea since the end of the Manchurian campaign, the Soviet 25th Army arrives in Pyongyang. By the end of the month it will reach and stop at the 38th Parallel as agreed with the Americans. In Pyongyang, the Soviets are met by Cho Mansik and other northern leaders. Recognizing the strength of the local councils, the Soviets appoint Cho as head of their interim administration for the five northern provinces.
28 August. Five days after representatives from former Manchukuo’s Hulunbuir region arrive in Ulaanbaatar asking for unification with the Mongolian People’s Republic, party propaganda chief Lkhamsuren convenes a congress in the region attended by all Mongolian banners. This calls for unification of Hulunbuir with Inner Mongolia and their final liberation in a union with the MPR.
18 August. A secret group surfaces in Wangin Sum calling itself the Eastern Mongolian Branch of the Inner Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party and declares that Inner Mongolia should to be joined with the Mongolian People’s Republic. The Mongol administration of former Manchukuo is restored to work towards unification with the MPR.
18 August. Despite being frustrated in his efforts to recover Hong Kong, Chiang Kai-shek enjoys a victory in his campaign for the return of all lost Chinese territory when French and Chinese representatives in Chungking sign a retrocession agreement for the nearby port of Kouang-Tchéou-Wan.
23 August. Upon securing the prized ports of Dairen and Port Arthur, the Soviets announce the end of Japanese resistance. In a two-week campaign, Japan has suffered its worst military defeat, with over 80,000 troops killed and more than 600,000 taken prisoner. Most of these will be sent to Siberia. The Soviets will delay their withdrawal from Manchuria until May 1946. In this period, they will strip Manchuria of much of its industrial base, shipping this back to the Soviet Union. The two ports will remain under joint Soviet and Chinese Communist control until 1955.