10 October. Veteran communist leaders Tokuda Kyuichi and Shiga Yoshio are at last free after spending 18 years in prison for their party activities – but not before they have briefed General MacArthur’s HQ on the Party’s post-war plans. They are among about 3,000 political prisoners released after the war on the orders of the occupation authorities.
30 October. After being blocked from entering Manchurian ports, finally Chinese government troops are landed by the U.S. fleet at Chinwangtao from where they subsequently fight their way north. Next day, Lin Piao is ordered to reorganize all Communist forces in Manchuria into a Northeastern People’s Autonomous Army. Both sides strive to strengthen their position in Manchuria in the lull before the resumption of all-out civil war.
14 October. Demands by Indonesian pemuda for Japanese troops in Semarang to hand over all of their weapons escalate into fighting. What follows is the massacre of several hundred Japanese civilians and an outraged response by the Japanese garrison. By the 20th, when British troops arrive on the scene, several thousand locals are dead.
1 November. The Constitutional Problems Investigation Committee, established by the Shidehara cabinet and led by Matsumoto Jōji, is now given exclusive authority over constitutional issues. This follows criticism of Konoe Fumimaro’s role in the constitutional process. Since meeting with MacArthur on 4 October in his role as acting Minister of State, Konoe has been working on revisions. With the fall of the Higashikuni cabinet, he is also Lord of the Privy Council. Due to his involvement in wartime politics, however, his role in the constitutional revision has been criticized both in Japan and abroad. Even MacArthur now distances himself from Konoe, and GHQ denies giving him any endorsement to work on the constitutional revision.
6 November. Recognizing the important role they played in Japan’s war effort, General MacArthur orders that all 17 of Japan’s vertically integrated corporations dissolve their structures. This is the first antitrust law in Japan’s history.
On 13 November 1945, 100 tumultuous days had passed since the dropping of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima. One thousand days later, on 9 August 1948, the forces that had been set in train by Japan’s defeat and surrender continued to shape the face of Asia.
On 9 August 1948, the first ceremony took place in Nagasaki to commemorate the dropping of the world’s second atomic bomb exactly three years earlier. Japanese people in Hiroshima, Nagasaki and elsewhere had previously gathered to commemorate the destruction caused by the bombs. The Nagasaki commemoration in 1948, however, … (to continue reading Cribb and Li’s aftermath, click the link below)
10 October. Much of the West Javanese city of Bandung is in local hands. Beneath the facade of Republican authority, however, an inconspicuous Japanese control remains; few weapons have been handed over. When local pemuda attempt a forceful takeover and seize an arms factory, the Japanese swiftly counterattack and within a day have subdued the city. They surrender Bandung to arriving British troops on the 18th.
13 October. Prime Minister Shidehara calls for an extraordinary cabinet meeting to discuss constitutional revision. He plans to establish a Constitutional Problems Investigation Committee under the leadership of Matsumoto Jōji. Its work parallels the constitutional revision efforts recently initiated by Konoe Fumimaro, former Minister of State and now Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.