11 September. Occupation authorities in Japan designate 39 former Japanese leaders as war criminals and order their arrests. Among their number is General Tōjō Hideki, who as prime minister presided over Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. Tōjō has already attempted suicide before being taken to prison. He is later found guilty at the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal and hanged in December 1948. Eventually 5,700 Japanese military personnel will be tried in war crimes tribunals throughout Asia.
22 September. Chinese Nationalist forces enter Vientiane in accordance with General Order No. 1. This gives Prince Phetsarat more breathing time to organize his anti-colonial movement while also securing control over the colonial bureaucracy. As in Luang Prabang, the Chinese are regarded as both a hindrance and a buffer against Free French machinations.
1 October. The Soviet ambassador to China reports that the Soviet withdrawal from Manchuria will start immediately and be completed by the end of November. China’s Foreign Ministry replies that a Nationalist army ferried by a U.S. fleet will land at Dairen around 10 October.
29 September. The day’s issue of Ta Kung Pao, a major newspaper based in Chungking, carries an editorial demanding that Thailand officially surrender and that the Thai government arrest wartime collaborators and place them on trial as war criminals. Despite ongoing Sino–Thai tensions, the Seni Pramoj government eventually signs a Treaty of Amity with the Republic of China in January 1946.
30 September. After brief clashes between KMT and CCP forces in Kowloon and the New Territories, the communists withdraw after a British request. Fighting continues along the Sino–British border and inside Guangdong province, however. The British Military Administration notes continued KMT and CCP propaganda activities in the colony, with the Nationalists denouncing continued British rule. Both parties remain active during subsequent decades and are responsible for major riots in 1956 and 1967.
6 October. After formally accepting the surrender of Japanese troops in Tientsin, U.S. commanders decide to secure Peiping and its two major airfields ahead of the return of Chinese government forces; they realize that Tientsin’s solitary airfield is inadequate as a logistical hub. The U.S. advance on Peiping is accomplished next day despite opposition from CCP forces in the surrounding countryside.
16 September. Addressing a lack of funds and the need to pay off the Chinese occupation forces, the Viet Minh launches a nationwide fundraising campaign, during which tables are set up in public venues to receive donations of jewellery, gold leaf and other precious items from patriotic citizens. Gold week actually lasts two weeks, with Supreme Advisor Vinh Thuy (Bao Dai) presiding over the closing ceremony. At the Hanoi inauguration ceremony, Ho Chi Minh pledges to give to the highest donor a gold medal he has received from overseas Vietnamese admirers. To the crowd he also presents Brig.-Gen. Philip Gallagher, head of the U.S. Military Advisory and Assistance Group attached to Gen. Lu Han’s command, and the next day’s papers feature Gallagher’s participation. Gallagher has just arrived in Hanoi, one of his principal responsibilities being to coordinate the loading of tens of thousands of Chinese troops on U.S. ships bound for Manchuria or Taiwan.